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Arizona Overtime Laws: Everything You Need to Know

Discover everything you need to know about Arizona Overtime Laws.
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Understanding Arizona's overtime laws is crucial for both employers and employees operating within the state. These regulations ensure workers are fairly compensated for their time while providing guidelines for employers on managing work hours and pay. 

Today, we will demystify the complexities surrounding overtime laws in Arizona, offering a comprehensive overview to help you navigate these rules confidently.

Understanding Arizona Overtime Laws: The Basics

Arizona follows the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) for determining overtime eligibility and payments, as the state itself does not have specific laws that deviate from federal guidelines. 

Under the FLSA, overtime pay is required for hours worked over 40 in a single workweek at a rate of one and one-half times the employee's regular pay rate. 

Let’s explore how these laws apply within Arizona, including nuances particularly relevant to the state's workforce.

In Arizona,  overtime eligibility is determined by the total hours worked in a single workweek rather than daily. This means employees are entitled to overtime pay when their total weekly hours exceed 40, establishing a weekly threshold for overtime wages.

Want to learn more about overtime regulations in other states? Check out our guidelines on: California, Florida, Illinois, Texas, and New York.

How Is a Workweek Defined in Arizona?

Understanding when employees are eligible for overtime in Arizona requires clarity on what constitutes a workweek. 

The U.S. Department of Labor defines a workweek as any seven consecutive 24-hour periods, totaling 168 hours. This definition is universally applicable across states, including Arizona, under FLSA guidelines.

A workweek needs to be fixed and regularly recur, which means it can start any day of the week and at any hour, provided it remains consistent. This flexibility allows employers to establish workweeks that best fit their operational needs while still adhering to the legal requirements for overtime pay.

How Many Hours Can You Legally Work Each Day in Arizona?

Unlike some states that have specific provisions for daily overtime, the state of Arizona does not require employers to pay overtime for hours worked beyond a specific number in a single workday. 

The focus is strictly on the total hours worked throughout the workweek.

What About the Overtime Pay for Weekends and Holidays? 

In Arizona, employers are not required to pay additional overtime for work performed on weekends or public holidays unless those hours contribute to an employee exceeding the standard 40-hour workweek threshold. 

The primary consideration for overtime compensation is the total number of hours worked within a workweek rather than the specific days on which work occurs.

If an employee's scheduled workweek includes weekends or holidays, and they work over 40 hours during that period, they are entitled to overtime pay for the hours worked beyond 40.

 Arizona employers are not obligated to observe any holidays or pay extra for work performed on these days, mirroring the federal stance. The decision to work on holidays lies with the employer's operational needs and scheduling requirements.

Despite the lack of statutory requirements for premium pay on weekends or holidays, it is not uncommon for Arizona employers to offer additional incentives for employees working during these times. Such incentives include pay rates higher than the employee's regular wages to recognize the inconvenience of working on traditionally non-working days.

Compensatory Time Off in Arizona

In Arizona, an alternative to traditional overtime pay exists in the form of compensatory time off, often referred to as "comp time." This option allows employers and employees to agree on time off instead of financial compensation for overtime hours worked under certain conditions.

For compensatory time off to be implemented, the employer and the employee must voluntarily agree to the arrangement. This ensures that the decision to accept comp time instead of overtime pay is made without coercion.

Compensatory time off is accrued at one and a half hours for every hour of overtime worked. This means that for 10 hours of overtime,  a worker would be entitled to 15 hours of comp time off.

A cap on compensatory time is set at 240 hours in Arizona, equating to 160 hours of actual overtime work. Employees must use their accrued comp time before they can accrue more once reaching this limit.

Comp time off can be used for various purposes, such as vacation, personal time off, or illness recovery. Employers are required to grant comp time requests within a reasonable timeframe, typically within 30 days of the request, barring any operational disruptions.

Employers offering compensatory time off must comply with federal and Arizona state law.

How is Overtime Calculated for Non-Exempt Employees in Arizona?

For non-exempt employees, overtime is calculated at 1.5 times the regular hourly wage for hours worked beyond 40 in a workweek. The overtime pay calculation is straightforward for hourly workers but can involve more complex considerations for salaried, non-exempt employees.

As the standard minimum wage in Arizona is set at $14.35 per hour, the minimum overtime wage is calculated at $21.53 per hour, which is significantly higher. 

Typically, overtime is paid on the usual payday for the pay period that the overtime was earned. 

Time-tracking applications, such as Timeero, provide an automated solution to monitor and record work hours accurately, ensuring adherence to Arizona's overtime laws.

Timeero’s Android mobile app
Timeero’s Android mobile app

Arizona Overtime Eligibility

Unlike certain states in the US,  Arizona does not have state-specific overtime laws that extend beyond the federal Fair Labor Standards Act, so the criteria for overtime eligibility are consistent with federal guidelines.

To qualify for overtime in Arizona, employees generally need to be engaged in work that falls under the purview of the FLSA. This includes:

  • All First-Responders. Including police officers, firefighters, and paramedics, given the critical and often unpredictable nature of their work.
  • Healthcare Workers. Such as paralegals and practical nurses, who may work long hours and are crucial in preventing workplace exploitation.
  • Hourly Wage Earners. Those in non-exempt industries are the primary beneficiaries of overtime laws, ensuring they are compensated for hours worked beyond the standard workweek.

Arizona Overtime Laws for Hourly Employees

Eligibility for receiving overtime pay in Arizona hinges on two main factors for hourly employees:

  • The employee must work in an industry that is not exempt from FLSA overtime rules.
  • Employees who earn less than $684 per week ($35,568 annually) are typically eligible for overtime pay.

While Arizona follows the federal standard of 40 hours per week for overtime eligibility, specific occupations might have additional protections under various federal or state regulations, ensuring fair compensation for extended work hours.

Who is Exempt from Overtime Pay in Arizona?

Exemptions from overtime pay in Arizona typically follow federal guidelines, focusing on salaried employees earning more than $684 per week or $35,568 annually. 

Exempt employees are not entitled to overtime pay under the FLSA due to the nature of their job duties and compensation level.

Examples of Exempt Employees

In Arizona, exempt positions typically include:

  • Executive Roles. Managers and supervisors responsible for directing the work of two or more employees.
  • Professionals. Including doctors, teachers, and engineers, whose work requires advanced knowledge in a field of science or learning.
  • Administrative Functions. Employees engaged in office or non-manual work directly related to business operations or management.
  • Outside Sales Staff. Employees mainly engaged in making sales or obtaining orders outside the employer's place of business.
  • Computer-related Positions. Such as programmers, software engineers, and systems analysts, performing specific, skilled computer tasks.

Additional Exemptions

Beyond these categories, certain workers, like agricultural employees, transportation workers subject to the Department of Transportation rules, and live-in domestic workers, are exempt from Arizona's FLSA overtime requirements.

Union Members and Employment Contracts

In Arizona, specific overtime work restrictions and conditions can be stipulated in unionized workers' employment contracts or collective bargaining agreements. 

These agreements may provide additional protections or set forth different overtime rules than the FLSA prescribes.

How Do Arizona Overtime Laws Apply to Part-time Employees?

Part-time employees in Arizona are also subject to overtime pay for hours worked over 40 in a workweek, regardless of their less-than-full-time status. This ensures equitable treatment for all workers, aligning with FLSA standards.

Are Independent Contractors Covered by AZ Overtime Laws?

Independent contractors are not considered employees under the FLSA., so Arizona's overtime laws do not cover them. However, misclassification of an employee as an independent contractor to avoid overtime can lead to legal consequences. 

For example, if an independent contractor is economically dependent on an employer, they might be considered employees, and entitled to overtime pay.

The Role of Time-Tracking Software in Arizona Overtime Compliance

Timeero simplifies the time-tracking process, minimizing administrative burdens and enhancing accuracy in overtime compliance. The app ensures every minute worked is precisely accounted for, significantly reducing disputes and inaccuracies.

GPS Time Clock

Timeero accurately logs when employees start and end their work, automatically updating timesheets.

Timeero iOS GPS time clock app
Timeero iOS GPS time clock

This feature tracks employee locations upon clocking in, providing real-time updates on their whereabouts during work hours. Once clocked out, tracking ceases.

Employers can set a specific radius for clocking in and out, with notifications if employees do so outside this designated area. This ensures accountability and prevents potential overbilling by accurately recording work locations and hours.

timeero geofencing notification
Timeero geofencing

Specific Overtime Features

  • Overtime Threshold Alerts. Timeero allows overtime alerts to notify managers and employees when certain hours are reached, promoting proactive overtime management.

timeero customizable settings
Timeero overtime settings

  • Automatic Clock-Out. For employees not eligible for overtime, settings can ensure automatic clock-out after a specified duration, with flags on timesheets indicating the action.

timeero time and mileage
Timeero time and mileage overview

  • Multiple Overtime Rules. A premium feature that allows customization of overtime rules for different employees or groups within a single account, enabling diverse overtime rates and policies across locations.

timeero settings
Adding a new payroll overtime rule in Timeero.

Integrations and Overtime Management

Timeero stands out for its compatibility with major payroll software, such as Gusto, Xero, Paychex, ADP, Paylocity, and QuickBooks. These integrations facilitate seamless payroll processing, ensuring overtime hours are accurately compensated without manual entry errors.

Accurate Recordkeeping and Compliance

Timeero reporting
Generating reports is easy with Timeero.

Accurate timekeeping is foundational to overtime compliance. Timeero not only aids in precise record-keeping but also ensures that such records are readily accessible for audits and dispute resolutions. 

Simplify Compliance with Arizona Overtime Laws Using Timeero

Understanding Arizona's overtime laws is essential to navigating the complexities of labor regulations. By adhering to the guidelines set forth by the FLSA and Arizona labor laws, businesses can ensure fair compensation for overtime work.

Accurate timekeeping is crucial for legal compliance and creating a positive work environment. Timeero streamlines the tracking and overtime calculation, reducing errors and administrative costs. It's an effective tool for ensuring adherence to Arizona's overtime regulations, benefiting your business and employees. 

Disclaimer: Our guide aims to provide a comprehensive overview of Arizona's overtime laws. Still, it is essential to consult with qualified professionals for specific legal advice and stay informed on any updates to labor laws and regulations.

Arizona Overtime Laws FAQ

Is Overtime After 8 Hours or 40 Hours in Arizona?

Overtime in Arizona is calculated after 40 hours of work per week, not after 8 hours in a day. This distinction aligns with the FLSA guidelines and differs from states that offer daily overtime protections.

Are Salaried Employees Owed Overtime in AZ?

Salaried employees may be owed overtime if they do not fall within the exempt categories defined by federal law. Factors such as job duties and salary level are crucial in determining eligibility for overtime pay.

Overtime Pay for Tipped Employees in Arizona? 

Employers in Arizona can pay tipped employees a lower hourly wage than the minimum wage for their first 40 hours of work (up to $3 less per hour than the standard minimum wage). However, the overtime pay for tipped employees must be calculated based on the full minimum wage, not the reduced tipped employee rate.

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