After covering the most important topics and considerations for employee mileage reimbursement in the US, it’s time to move north and see how all this works in Canada.
The institution in charge of drawing up and enforcing tax laws in the Great White North is the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). And it’s this authority that should be consulted when it comes to the legal framework for reimbursing your employees.
The main point of our article will be the CRA mileage rate in 2022, but we’ll also talk about everything you should know for reimbursing your employees properly while keeping your expenses in check.
So, first things first.
What’s the CRA Mileage Rate 2022?
The CRA mileage rate in 2022 is:
- 61¢ for the first 5,000 kilometers driven
- 55¢ after the first 5,000 kilometers
- An additional 4¢ per kilometer in the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut.
The Canada Revenue Agency determines an annual per-kilometer rate that serves as a guideline for employers to set the rate at which they reimburse their employees.
The CRA mileage rate isn’t a mandatory amount which means that employers can choose to pay less or more than that. It’s worth mentioning that this is a tax law and has nothing to do with employment regulations. Therefore, it doesn’t specify the minimum amount an employer has to pay to their employees when they’re using their personal vehicles for business purposes.
So, the CRA mileage rate is the highest amount per business kilometer you can reimburse and still get a tax deduction.
Employers typically choose to stick to this rate for practical reasons as it allows them to compensate their employees fairly while cutting their tax bill.
Note that if you reimburse your employees at a higher rate, this will be constituted a taxable income.
Example of mileage reimbursement using the CRA mileage rate 2022
Let’s say your employee drove 1,500 kilometers, and the CRA mileage rate 2022 is 61¢ for the first 5,000 kilometers driven.
The formula for calculating the reimbursement amount is 0.61×1,500 = $915. Therefore, in this case, $915 is the maximum non-taxable reimbursement you can give your employee who drove 1,500 kilometers in a tax year.
What Was the CRA Mileage Rate in 2021?
The CRA mileage rate for 2021 was on average 2¢ lower, meaning that it was set at:
- 59¢ for the first 5,000 kilometers driven
- 53¢ after the first 5,000 kilometers
- An additional 4¢ per kilometer in the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut.
This increase is the consequence of higher driving costs. The CRA adjusts the rate for inflation as well as gas, maintenance, insurance, and repair costs. Practically, the agency takes all the factors of owning and operating a car into consideration.
What Are Mileage Reimbursement Rules for Employers in Canada?
When we’re talking about mileage reimbursement in Canada and the CRA mileage rate 2022, it’s important to clarify what this refers to and in what cases employees are entitled to these expenses.
Do I Have to Reimburse My Employees?
Legally speaking, you don’t have to, and it all depends on your agreement or contract with the employee.
But, even though no law requires you to reimburse your employees for the business use of their personal vehicle, there’s a reason why you shouldn’t cover these expenses.
- First of all, it’s very unlikely that someone would accept using their personal vehicle for business purposes without being properly compensated. Let’s not forget that it’s not only about paying gas bills, as the vehicle loses its value pretty quickly. For example, most new cars lose 20% of their value over the first year. After five years, a typical car’s value will drop to only 40% of its initial value. So, if you want to attract top talent, you should definitely offer a fair reimbursement policy.
- Another factor you should bear in mind is that your company can claim a mileage tax deduction at the end of the year. In other words, not only will you keep your employees happy, but you’ll also benefit from tax write-offs.
Do Your Employees Qualify for Mileage Reimbursement?
If your employees use their personal vehicles for business-related purposes, you can decide to reimburse them for the expenses they paid out of their own pocket.
Here are some examples in which your employees qualify for mileage reimbursement:
- Traveling to conferences or business meetings away from their usual place of work
- Commuting between different work locations such as construction sites or client homes
- Picking up or delivering work-related items.
You probably notice that the instance of commuting from home to work and vice versa isn’t listed as a reimbursable expense. The reason for this is very simple: the CRA, just like its US equivalent, the IRS, perceives the location where your employees live as their own choice.
Therefore, particular travel expenses aren't tax-deductible.
Can My Company Claim a Mileage Tax Deduction?
As we’ve already established, the answer is yes.
Basically, if your employees are using their personal vehicles for work-related purposes and you reimburse them for these expenses, your company will be able to claim a write-off on the taxes.
However, there are some rules to follow in order to qualify for a mileage tax deduction.
Paying a reasonable per-kilometer allowance
Apart from using the prescribed CRA mileage rate for 2022, an allowance will be considered reasonable and tax-deductible only if:
- It covers the number of kilometers a year driven for business purposes
- It’s based on the reasonable per-kilometer rate
- The employee hasn’t already been reimbursed for the same use of their vehicle. This doesn’t refer to reimbursing tolls or additional travel insurance that weren’t included in this allowance.
It’s worth mentioning that a reasonable per-kilometer allowance isn’t treated as an income, which means that your employees won’t have to include it in their tax return.
Using a company car
The situation is less straightforward if your employees are using company cars.
In that case, it all depends on who covers operating expenses and whether the cars are used for business purposes only. That’s why it’s best to consult your accountant and check how to get a bigger tax return.
A flat-rate car allowance
A flat-rate car allowance that isn’t calculated based on the number of kilometers driven is considered as a taxable income.
As this is a lump sum that you give to your employees in advance, it can’t be averaged at the end of the year and translated to a per-kilometer allowance with the purpose of being excluded from the employee’s income.
However, the CRA allows for a workaround to help you handle this situation without having to include a flat-rate allowance in your employee’s income. Find more about how to average allowances here.
Best Practices for Implementing the CRA Mileage Rate
In order to be able to claim your tax deduction, you need to substantiate that you’ve properly implemented the CRA mileage rate. Another crucial factor is proving that your business mileage records are accurate.
How to Stay CRA Compliant?
According to the CRA, keeping a detailed logbook for the entire year is the best way to provide evidence about your business travel and substantiate your mileage claim.
Whenever you or your employees use a personal vehicle for business purposes, the following information should be entered in the logbook to stay compliant:
- Date of the trip
- Starting location
- Trip purpose
- Mileage at the start of the trip
- Mileage at the end of the trip
- Total kilometers driven.
How to Make Sure Your Employees Are Accurately Reimbursed?
The best way to cut your car expenses and ensure your employees aren’t reporting their personal driving as business miles is to have them:
- Keep a logbook with all the previously mentioned details
- Track mileage
- Submit reports in a timely manner
- Save all the documentation related to their business trips since the CRA can conduct an audit and request to check all the data such as odometer readings, toll receipts, traffic cameras, and all the other business expenses.
Such exhaustive records will help you hold your employees accountable, properly reimburse them, and prevent any issues with the CRA.
Easier said than done, particularly if your employees have to enter all the details manually, using the pen and paper approach. Not to mention that this method is error-prone, which can lead to inaccurate records.
Using a robust mileage tracker app like Timeero can help you streamline this process, save a lot of time that would be otherwise spent making entries in the logbook and double-checking them, and most importantly, stay CRA compliant.
That way, you won’t have to count on your employees to accurately log their business miles or avoid longer routes.
Its GPS-tracking feature can tell you where exactly every employee is while they’re at work or traveling for business. In addition to that, geofencing technology prompts your employees to clock in or clock out so that they can’t forget to do so or try to pad miles.
Moreover, you’ll get a breadcrumb trail path of their every route. Yes, that means that it’s possible to replay entire routes and see where they drove while performing a business task or traveling to a client’s house.
Finally, Timeero works offline and doesn’t require installing expensive hardware.
Since it automatically captures the location, date, and purpose of the trip, Timeero is a great choice if you need a tool for tracking your whole company’s mileage without having to worry about whether someone forgot to make an entry in the logbook.
How to Claim Mileage on Taxes in Canada?
The CRA is very strict and persistent when it comes to preventing excessive claims for business uses of personal cars. Therefore the Agency tends to scrutinize the cases in which all or most mileage driven is claimed as business use.
If an audit is requested, you’ll need to determine exactly how many non-business-related miles/kilometers every employee drove and be able to prove this.
To figure this out, simply determine the total miles or in Canada kilometers you or your employees drove using the odometer readings at the beginning and the end of the tax year and comparing the two.
Then, determine the number of business miles/kilometers driven in that period and subtract it from the total miles/kilometers driven. The sum you get is the personal mileage.
Implement a policy for the personal use of company vehicles
If you have company vehicles that your employees use, it’s important to monitor mileage and separate business-related and personal miles/kilometers.
Don’t forget that commuting from home to the place of work isn’t considered a business-related purpose, and as such, it’s taxable.
Therefore, it’s essential to have a policy in place that will allow you to claim mileage with the CRA.
This policy should outline the following:
- Who can drive the vehicle - is it only the employee or their spouse too?
- Is personal use allowed, and to what extent? Define what’s allowed and what’s not. For example, explain whether your employee can use the company vehicle to go on a family trip.
- Specify how employees should keep mileage records. Since monitoring your employees when they clock out isn’t a recommended practice due to privacy concerns, you can use Timeero, as it will allow you to keep track of mileage/kilometers only when they’re on the clock.
Other than keeping track of mileage and separating business from personal uses of a vehicle, you and your employees have to keep all the relevant documentation, including:
- Receipts for gas, oil, repairs, insurance, or any other operating and maintenance expenses
- Vehicle registration certificate
- Lease contract and documentation if applicable
- Tax invoices
- The method you used to determine your claim, i.e., if you used the CRA mileage rate 2022 or something else.
Understanding the CRA Mileage Rate 2022
Making sure your employees are fairly reimbursed for using their personal vehicle for business-related purposes while cutting your expenses and saving money can be challenging.
Using the CRA mileage rate method can help you achieve both of these goals. First of all, your employees will be properly compensated for the expenses resulting from the business use of their personal vehicle. At the same time, your company will be able to claim a tax deduction on account of these business mileage reimbursements.
A mileage tracking solution like Timeero will additionally facilitate the entire process as you won’t have to worry whether your employees are keeping accurate mileage records.